We regulate all solid waste facilities with a permit from the Illinois EPA Bureau of Land. This includes active and closed landfills, compost facilities, landscape waste transfer stations, and construction and demolition debris recycling facilities.
Who Can Receive Services
Solid waste facilities in Lake County with a permit from the Illinois EPA.
Lake County Central Permit Facility
500 W. Winchester Rd.
Libertyville, IL 60048
7:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
Through a Delegation Agreement between the Illinois EPA and Lake County, the Solid Waste Unit regulates all of the operating solid waste facilities in the county permitted by the Illinois EPA Bureau of Land. These facilities include the Countryside Landfill near Grayslake and the Veolia ES Zion Landfill in Zion, nine compost facilities, nine landscape material transfer stations, two household chemical waste collection facilities and a sludge processing facility. Closed landfills (22) are inspected and illegal dump sites are investigated. We also regulate a construction and demolition debris processing facility and groundwater quality is monitored near landfills where residents rely on private wells for their drinking water supply.
The Solid Waste Unit enforces the applicable state regulations established by the Illinois Pollution Control Board and permit conditions set by the Illinois EPA. For the active landfills, these regulations and permit conditions govern hours of operation, types of material accepted, daily operations, cover materials, litter control, leachate collection, gas management and protection of groundwater quality. For compost facilities and landscape material transfer stations, the regulations and permit conditions govern hours of operation, processing activities, leachate management and odor control. The closed landfills are monitored for maintenance of cover and vegetation, erosion control, leachate seepage, public access and fly dumping. State regulations also apply to waste materials that are illegally disposed of on public or private property. Copies of all inspection and investigation reports are sent to the Illinois EPA. If violations are found and they are not satisfactorily addressed through voluntary compliance, enforcement actions are pursued through the Lake County State’s Attorney’s Office and/or the Illinois Attorney General’s Office.
To report complaints related to the solid waste facilities or for illegal dumping activities, contact the Solid Waste Unit at 847.377.8016. A dedicated phone line has been established to specifically report odors related to landfills or other solid waste facilities. The number is 847.377.8096.
Active Landfill Inspections
Active landfill inspections are conducted at least twice per month and focus on:
- Methods of operation
- Number of personnel and type of equipment to process solid waste in a timely manner
- Evaluation of daily, intermediate, and final cover
- Litter control
- Odor control
- Load checks for unpermitted materials
- Salvage and/or scavenging activities
- Leachate (liquid contaminated by waste) management
- Gas management
- Groundwater monitoring
Closed Landfill Inspections
Closed landfills are inspected approximately once per year to evaluate:
- Cover, vegetation, and erosion control
- Public access control
- Leachate seeps
- Evidence of open dumping
Compost Facility Inspections
Compost facility inspections are conducted approximately twice per month and focus on:
- Methods of operation as they relate to odor control
- Leachate management
- Timely processing of materials
Illegal Disposal Site Investigations
Illegal disposal site investigations are initiated within a day or two after being reported to the Health Department. On average, 25 illegal disposal sites are investigated annually. A variety of materials are discarded but the most common types of waste found include construction and demolition debris, landscape materials, abandoned vehicles, junk and debris and motor oil. Approximately 2500 cubic yards of material is removed each year from illegal sites which is either recycled or delivered to a permitted facility for proper disposal.
Other activities include investigating general solid waste nuisance complaints, reviewing permit applications regarding operational modifications at solid waste facilities, providing comments concerning the applications to the IEPA and monitoring groundwater quality of private wells located near active and closed landfills.
Reports are completed for each inspection and investigation. These reports consist of an inspection checklist developed for each type of facility by the IEPA, a narrative description of conditions found and photographs documenting those conditions. If apparent violations are found, a Violation Notice letter is attached. Original reports are retained at the health department. Copies are sent to the IEPA Springfield and Maywood offices, the State's Attorney's Office and the owner/operator of the facility or in the case of an open dump, the property owner.